HTR (Handwritten Text Recognition)

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Artikelen / Articles / Artikel

2019 Van de Pol
M. van de Pol, Verslag Transkribusbijeenkomst Stadsarchief Amsterdam (2019 dec 11), 2019 dec 18
https://kia.pleio.nl/groups/view/55812425/htr-en-ocr/blog/view/55812678/verslag-transkribusbijeenkomst-stadsarchief-amsterdam

2019 Computer
Computer leert eeuwenoude teksten lezen. Te zien in Expo Rampjaar 1672-1673, Het Utrechts Archief, 2019 dec 11
https://hetutrechtsarchief.nl/over-ons/nieuws/511-computer-leert-eeuwenoude-teksten-lezen-te-zien-in-expo-rampjaar-1672-1673

2019 National
National Archives releases first version of a Dutch handwriting model, 2019 aug 23
https://read.transkribus.eu/2019/08/23/national-archives-releases-first-version-of-a-dutch-handwriting-model/

2019 Succesvolle
Succesvolle proef met computerherkenning handgeschreven brieven, Utrecht, Utrechts Archief, 2019 jul 22
https://hetutrechtsarchief.nl/nieuws/453-het-utrechts-archief-doet-succesvolle-proef-met-computervertaling-brieven

2019 IJsberg resultaten
De ijsberg zichtbaar maken: resultaten pilot & start vervolg, Haarlem, Noord-Hollands Archief, [<=2019 mei]
https://noord-hollandsarchief.nl/ontdekken/nhalab/project-transkribus-2

2019 Voortzetting
Voortzetting geslaagde pilot automatische handschriftherkenning, Haarlem, Noord-Hollands Archief, [<=2019 mei]
https://noord-hollandsarchief.nl/nieuws/nieuwsoverzicht/664-voortzetting-geslaagde-pilot-automatische-handschriftherkenning

2019 IJsberg start
De ijsberg zichtbaar maken: start pilot, Haarlem, Noord-Hollands Archief, [<=2019 mei]
https://noord-hollandsarchief.nl/ontdekken/nhalab/project-transkribus

2019 Handschriftherkenning
[?], Handschriftherkenning gaat geschiedenis herschrijven, Stadsarchief Amsterdam, 2019 mrt 21
https://www.amsterdam.nl/stadsarchief/nieuws/clcl/

2019 Crowd
[?], Crowd leert computer lezen, Stadsarchief Amsterdam, 2019 mrt 19
https://www.amsterdam.nl/stadsarchief/organisatie/projecten/crowd-leert-computer/

2019 Crowdsourcing
[?], Crowdsourcing with Transkribus at Amsterdam City Archives, Recognition and Enrichment of Archival Documents (READ), 2019 mrt 14
https://read.transkribus.eu/2019/03/14/crowdsourcing-transkribus-amsterdam/

2019 Mühlberger
G. Mühlberger, Bringing the past back to life – Transkribus, 2019 jan 11
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/blogposts/bringing-past-back-life-transkribus

2018 Transkribus
Transkribus system makes breakthrough in understanding medieval texts, Euronews, Futuris, 2018 okt 29
https://www.euronews.com/2018/10/29/transkribus-system-makes-breakthrough-in-understanding-ancient-texts

2018 Mühlberger, Terbul
G. Mühlberger, T. Terbul, Handschriftenerkennung für historische Schriften. Die Transkribus Plattform, 2018 sep 17
https://www.b-i-t-online.de/heft/2018-03/fachbeitrag-muehlberger.pdf

2017 Drach
S. Drach, Automatisierte Handschriftenerkennung: das Projekt Read und die in seinem Rahmen entwickelte Plattform Transkribus, 2017 sep 26
https://dhc.hypotheses.org/469

2017 Colutto e.a.
S. Colutto, G. Hackl, P. Kahle, G. Mühlberger, “Transkribus – a Service Platform for Transcription, Recognition and Retrieval of Historical Documents” in: 14th IAPR International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, __ (2017) pp.19–24
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=8270253

2015 Computer
[?], Computer Reads Old Handwritten Texts, 2015 nov 10
https://www.uibk.ac.at/ipoint/news/2015/computer-liest-historische-handschriften.html.en

2014 Mühlberger
G. Mühlberger, Die automatisierte Volltexterkennung historischer Handschriften als gemeinsame Aufgabe von Archiven, Geistes- und Computerwissenschaftlern. Das Modell einer zentralen Transkriptionsplattform als virtuelle Forschungsumgebung, 2014 (28 pp.)
https://www.academia.edu/7451967/Die_automatisierte_Volltexterkennung_historischer_Handschriften_als_gemeinsame_Aufgabe_von_Archiven_Geistes-_und_Computerwissenschaftlern._Das_Modell_einer_zentralen_Transkriptionsplattform_als_virtuelle_Forschungsumgebung

2012 Renckens
E. Renckens, “Digitale monnik ontcijfert ingescande handschriften” (Achtergrond), NEMO Kennislink, 2012 mrt 28
www.nemokennislink.nl/publicaties/digitale-monnik-ontcijfert-ingescande-handschriften
https://web.archive.org/web/20200204110512/https://www.nemokennislink.nl/publicaties/digitale-monnik-ontcijfert-ingescande-handschriften/

2011 Belemans
R. Belemans, Speel mee met Monk: crowdsourcing voor automatische herkenning van handgeschreven archiefbronnen, Brussel, FARO: Vlaams steunpunt voor cultureel erfgoed vzw, 2011 mrt 08
https://www.faro.be/blogs/rob-belemans/speel-mee-met-monk-crowdsourcing-voor-automatische-herkenning-van-handgeschreven-
https://web.archive.org/web/20200204105618/https://www.faro.be/blogs/rob-belemans/speel-mee-met-monk-crowdsourcing-voor-automatische-herkenning-van-handgeschreven-

2011 Monk
[?], “Monk: OCR voor oude handschriften?”, De Digitale Archivaris, 2011 mrt 05
www.digitalearchivaris.nl/2011/03/monk-ocr-voor-oude-handschriften.html#.V_gj9twiM-U
https://web.archive.org/web/20200204110145/http://www.digitalearchivaris.nl/2011/03/monk-ocr-voor-oude-handschriften.html

2009-2013 Schmidhuber
J. Schmidhuber, ¨Winning Handwriting Recognition Competitions Through Deep Learning¨,
Scuola universitaria professionale della Svizzera italiana (SUPSI) / The University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland (SUPSI), 2009-2013
http://people.idsia.ch/~juergen/handwriting.html

2009 Graves, e.a.
A. Graves, M. Liwicki, S. Fernández, R. Bertolami, H. Bunke, J. Schmidhuber,
"A Novel Connectionist System for Unconstrained Handwriting Recognition",
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 31 (2009 mei) 5 pp.855-868
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/4531750

2008/2009 Graves, Schmidhuber
A. Graves, J. Schmidhuber, ¨Offline Handwriting Recognition with Multidimensional Recurrent Neural Networks¨, in: Papers published at the Neural Information Processing Systems Conference, [?], Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 2008/2009, pp.1-8
http://people.idsia.ch/~juergen/nips2009.pdf
http://papers.nips.cc/paper/3449-offline-handwriting-recognition-with-multidimensional-recurrent-neural-ne

2004 Toselli, Romero, Vidal
A.H. Toselli, V. Romero, E. Vidal, ¨Viterbi Based Alignment between Text Images and their Transcripts¨,
Proceedings of the Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage Data (LaTeCH 2007, Prague, 2007 jun 28), [?], Association for Computational Linguistics, 2007, pp.9–16
https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W07-0902.pdf

1989 LeCun e.a.
Y. LeCun, B. Boser, J.S. Denker, D. Henderson, R.E. Howard, W. Hubbard, L.D. Jackel,
¨Backpropagation Applied to Handwritten Zip Code Recognition¨,
Neural Computation, 1 (1989 ___ __) ____ pp.541-551
http://yann.lecun.com/exdb/publis/pdf/lecun-89e.pdf


Artikelen / Articles / Artikel in encyclopedia
Deutsch
Handschrifterkennung Wikipedia: die freie Enzyklopädie https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Handschrifterkennung
Transkribus Wikipedia: die freie Enzyklopädie https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transkribus

English
Handwriting recognition Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Handwriting_recognition

Français
Reconnaissance de l'écriture manuscrite Wikipédia: l'encyclopédie libre https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconnaissance_de_l%27%C3%A9criture_manuscrite

Italiano
Riconoscimento della scrittura Wikipedia: l'enciclopedia libera https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riconoscimento_della_scrittura

Nederlands
Handschriftherkenning Wikipedia: de vrije encyclopedie https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Handschriftherkenning


Bibliografieën / Bibliographies

Research publications, Recognition and Enrichment of Archival Documents (READ) Transkribus
https://read.transkribus.eu/research-publications/


Boeken / Books / Bücher / Livres

2018 Märgner, Pal, Antonacopoulos

V. Märgner, U. Pal, A. Antonacopoulos (eds.), Document Analysis and Text Recognition: Benchmarking State-of-the-Art Systems (Series in Machine Perception and Artificial Intelligence, 82),
Hackensack New Jersey [etc.], World Scientific Pub. Co. Pte. Ltd., 2018 (304 pp., cm, ISBN 978.981.3229.26.6 + ISBN 978.981.3229.28.0, with a foreword by David Doermann)
https://www.worldscientific.com/doi/suppl/10.1142/10689/suppl_file/10689_foreword.pdf
https://www.worldscientific.com/doi/suppl/10.1142/10689/suppl_file/10689_intro.pdf
https://www.worldscientific.com/doi/pdf/10.1142/9789813229273_0001
https://doi.org/10.1142/10689

2012 Romero, Toselli, Vidal
V. Romero, A.H. Toselli, E. Vidal, Multimodal Interactive Handwritten Text Transcription (Series in Machine Perception and Artificial Intelligence, 80),
Hackensack New Jersey [etc.], World Scientific Pub. Co. Pte. Ltd., 2012 (180 pp., cm, ISBN 978.981.4390.33.0 + ISBN 978.981.4397.48.3)
https://www.worldcat.org/title/multimodal-interactive-handwritten-text-transcription/oclc/825162713/viewport
https://www.worldscientific.com/doi/suppl/10.1142/8394/suppl_file/8394_chap01.pdf
https://doi.org/10.1142/8394


Forums

HTR en OCR (Kennisnetwerk Informatie en Archief, KIA)
https://kia.pleio.nl/groups/view/55812425/htr-en-ocr


Symposia

2020 sep 02-08, Dortmund
International Conference on Frontiers of Handwriting Recognition (ICFHR) (Germany, Dortmund, TU Dortmund University)
http://icfhr2020.org/

2020 mei 19, internet
A. Romijn, Transkribus Webinar #2 - Advanced Use, Huygens ING, 2020 mei 19 (2020 mei 25)
https://youtu.be/yxLyzRZaff8 (video 1:47:12)

https://www.huygens.knaw.nl/evenementen/transkribus-workshop-voor-gevorderden/
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3834205
Intro to the webinar (0-1:53)
Models intro (1:54-2:11)
- Reading the graph (2:12-9:27)
How to compare the quality of models for your documents? (9:28-28:23)
- Compare button (9:28-16:09)
- Compare text-versions (16:10-18:53)
- Compare samples (18:54-21:27)
- How to pick a model? (21:28-24:42)
- Questions (24:43-28:23)
Text2Image (28:25-33:25)
- Methods 1 & 2 (with/out manual LA) (33:26-47:45)
- More manual (complete control) (47:46-52:34)
- Questions and additional showing of method (52:34-1:06:05)
Tags (1:06:06-1:06:39)
- How to add (document) metadata? (1:06:40-1:08:50)
- How to tag (NERs) in Transkribus manually) (1:08:51-1:12:20)
- How to do structure-tagging (1:12:21-1:18:20)
P2PaLA (1:18:21-1:36:22)
Tables (what will the future/ NaverLABS bring). (1:36:23-1:47:11)

2020 apr 21, internet
A. (C.A.) Romein, J. Walcher, Transkribus webinar / Digital workshop Transkribus: getting started. The basics, Huygens ING + Read-COOP, 2020 apr 21 (2020 apr 23)
https://youtu.be/5YCfaFNMol4 (video 2:31:48)

https://en.huygens.knaw.nl/evenementen/workshop-transkribus/
Intro to the webinar (00:00-05:52)
Theory OCR and HTR (05:53-28:33)
How to get started: registration and installation. (28:34-33:42)
How to upload files? (33:43-41:06)
How does the desktop-version work? (41:07-46:04)
What are all the buttons in Transkribus? (46:05-52:28)
How to perform a Lay-Out Analysis (manual and automatically, 52:29-1:11:04)
How and where to transcribe? (1:11:05-1:16:18)
How to collaborate within Transkribus? (1:16:19-1:24:28)
What to do with abbreviations, Italics and conventions? (1:24:29-1:31:52)
How to apply OCR or a HTR-model? (1:31:53-1:45:43)
How to create a model? (1:45:44-1:58:28)
How to export from Transkribus? (1:58:29-2:2:01:03)
How to do full-text-searches or keyword spotting? (2:2:01:04-2:05:08)
J. Walcher, What is the READ-COOP? (2:05:11-2:20:00)
Questions and Answers (2:20:00-end)

2020 feb 06-07, Innsbruck
2020 Transkribus User Conference 3 (Austria, 6020 Innsbruck, University of Innsbruck, Faculty of Catholic Theology, Karl-Rahner-Platz 1)
https://read.transkribus.eu/events/transkribus-user-conference-2020/

2019 dec 12, internet
KB Webinar: Transkribus voor Nederlandstalige gebruikers (2)
https://zenodo.org/record/3558864#.XfNnzOhAo3E
https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/7467843795953750541
https://www.kb.nl/ob-kb/nieuws/2019/kb-webinartranskribus-voor-nederlandstalige-gebruikers-geavanceerd
https://kia.pleio.nl/groups/view/55812425/htr-en-ocr/events/view/55812465/webinar-transkribus
https://youtu.be/I_KUIrwphJw (video 1:20:10)


2019 okt 29, internet
KB Webinar: Transkribus voor Nederlandstalige gebruikers (1)
[Met Transkribus kan de computer getraind worden om handgeschreven teksten en drukwerk uit vroegere perioden te lezen. In dit webinar geven Annemieke Romein (UGent/Erasmus Universiteit/ KB) en Jeroen Vandommele (conservator namiddeleeuwse handschriften, KB) uitleg over het programma en de basisprincipes en -functionaliteiten.]
https://www.kb.nl/nieuws/2019/webinar-transkribus-voor-nederlandstalige-gebruikers
https://youtu.be/o6BRXq1S-b8 (video 1:23:12)


2019 apr 25, Zürich
C. Huber, G. Mühlberger, Transkribus: Eine Forschungsplattform für die automatische Transkription, Erkennung und Suche in historischen Dokumenten (17:15 Kolloquium der ETH-Bibliothek, Zürich), 2019 apr 25 (2019 mei 02)
https://www.slideshare.net/ETH-Bibliothek/transkribus-eine-forschungsplattform-fr-die-automatisierte-digitalisierung-erkennung-und-suche-in-historischen-dokumenten
https://youtu.be/pZ8QUywZt94 (video 1:01:27)


2018 nov 08-09, Wien
2018 Transkribus User Conference 2, Vienna / Wien
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SJ9kb8QU7NA&list=PL7UbQtd4qlhKCEgLnZbJKQu9qpA5iF-sC
(8 video‘s: 52:26 + 1:00:37 + 40:00 + 39:05 + 54:19 + 1:01:55 + 42:23 + 33:31)

2018 mei __, Göteborg
G. Mühlberger (University of Innsbruck) + M. Kallio (National Archives of Finland), Transkribus: Handwritten Text Recognition in practice (Digikult-symposium in 2018 in Göteborg, Sweden), Kultur i Väst, 2018 mei 25
https://youtu.be/nP57QLmJwdY (video 33:20)


2017 nov 02-03, Wien
2017 Transkribus User Conference 1, Vienna / Wien
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7V8iXFzx_E&list=PL7UbQtd4qlhLNv7zYnlyTdnLBsMJw6TOt (6 video‘s: 30:55 + 1:02:53 + 47:26 + 36:46 + 44:22 + 45:39)

2016 okt 10, London
The Linnean Society of London, Day Meeting [Transkribus for Text Recognition]
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MBqjis7Uano&list=PLgVH1uF5LKVUIUVv6geSwGZ17-055F7Gm (6 video‘s: 36:28 + 25:11 + 19:37 + 29:59 + 17:07 + 37:31)


Video's العربية

"ترانسكريبوس" نظام مبتكر ذكي ينسخ المخطوطات القديمة بسرعة ودقة فائقتين, euronews (عــربي),
2018 okt 29
https://arabic.euronews.com/2018/10/29/transcripus-smart-system-transcript-ancient-manuscripts-from-read-european-project
https://youtu.be/FiN12wKcHi0 (video 4:00)


Video’s deutsch
Computer lernen, alte Handschriften zu lesen, Euronews (deutsch), 2018 okt 29
https://de.euronews.com/2018/10/29/computer-lernen-alte-handschriften-zu-lesen
https://youtu.be/znWQ4E7FcvY (video 4:00)



Video's ελληνικά

Transkribus: Καινοτομία «διαβάζει» γρήγορα παλιά χειρόγραφα, euronews (στα ελληνικά), 2018 okt 29
https://gr.euronews.com/2018/10/29/transkribus-project-read-anagnosi-xeirografon
https://youtu.be/y8BAGYRzl_o (video 4:00)


Video’s English

Artificial Intelligence (AI) helps humans to search through historical handwritten documents, Het Utrechts Archief, 2020 feb 03 (Finding information in historical archives can be difficult for the average user since most of the time only a global description of the content is available. New break throughs in AI make it to search through handwritten historical documents word by word.)
https://youtu.be/gS3GvvelN4o (video 1:52)


H. Richardson, Transkribus for MUW Archives, MUW Library, 2019 okt 10
https://youtu.be/szGPn0K_WWE (video 5:45)


Using Handwritten Text Recognition Models for your documents - Tutorial Transkribus, Transkribus EU, 2018 dec 30
https://youtu.be/XWdj81Nfwtw (video 2:41)


Transkribus system makes breakthrough in understanding medieval texts, Euronews (in English), 2018 okt 29
https://www.euronews.com/2018/10/29/transkribus-system-makes-breakthrough-in-understanding-ancient-texts
https://youtu.be/TCfBaOxN8Hw (video 4:00)


The Impact of Handwritten Text Recognition (HTR), Adam Matthew, 2017 dec 07
https://youtu.be/pr3yz1Vw8t4 (video 1:43)



Video's espagñol

Una aplicación de móvil capaz de transcribir los manuscritos más ilegibles, euronews (en espagñol), 2018 okt 29
https://es.euronews.com/2018/10/29/una-aplicacion-de-movil-capaz-de-transcribir-los-manuscritos-mas-ilegibles
https://youtu.be/jXERcm2p9hs (video 4:00)


READ, nuevas soluciones para transcribir manuscritos, Noticia @UPVTV, UPV Radiotelevisió (oficial), 2016 mrt 11
https://youtu.be/aW--QFQUoBM (video 3:15)


Video's français

L'intelligence artificielle au service des textes anciens, euronews (en français), 2018 okt 29
https://fr.euronews.com/2018/10/29/l-intelligence-artificielle-au-service-des-textes-anciens
https://youtu.be/P8zxEAXgPcA (video 4:00)


Video's Italiano

L'intelligenza artificiale incontra la scrittura medievale, euronews (in Italiano), 2018 okt 29
https://it.euronews.com/2018/10/29/l-intelligenza-artificiale-incontra-la-scrittura-medievale
https://youtu.be/pxurVh3Nv0s (video 4:00)


Video’s magyar


Transkribus: életre kelnek az ősrégi kéziratok, euronews (magyarul), 2018 okt 29
[Sok száz éves kéziratok digitalizálásán dolgozik egy nemzetközi tudóscsoport. Projektjük, a Transkribus máris komoly eredményt ért el. Számítógépes modelljük több évnyi munkát spórol meg a kutatóknak, levéltárosoknak.…]
https://hu.euronews.com/2018/10/29/transkribus-eletre-kelnek-az-osregi-keziratok
https://youtu.be/TD4vysNMS60 (video 4:00)



Video’s Nederlands

Computer leert eeuwenoude teksten lezen, Het Utrechts Archief, 2019 dec 11
https://youtu.be/YN3nAJt_igU (video 1:36)



Video's português

Cientistas europeus criam aplicação para transcrever manuscritos antigos, euronews (em português), 2018 okt 29
https://pt.euronews.com/2018/10/29/cientistas-europeus-criam-aplicacao-para-transcrever-manuscritos-antigos
https://youtu.be/OsifwJHwKBw (video 4:00)


Video's русский

Искусственный интеллект расшифровывает манускрипты, euronews (на русском), 2018 okt 29
https://ru.euronews.com/2018/10/29/artificial-intelligence-decrypts-manuscripts
https://youtu.be/GFo_ixd9VJM (video 4:00)


Video's Türkçe

Transkribus: Yapay zeka sayesinde tarihi el yazması metinler dijitalleşiyor, euronews (Türkçe), 2018 okt 29
https://tr.euronews.com/2018/11/03/yapay-zeka-sayesinde-el-yazisini-okuyabilen-bilgisayarlar


Websites

L. Schomaker, Monk, [2011]
www.ai.rug.nl/~lambert/Monk-collections-nl.html
www.ai.rug.nl/~lambert/Monk-collections-english.html

Transkribus
https://transkribus.eu/Transkribus/ (downloadversie)
https://transkribus.eu/r/read/login/ (webversie)